The fire has a long relationship with the human. After invention, fire becomes the vital weapon to protect the human from wild. Our ancestors use fire to light up in the wild and grill the food.
Ancestors have own fire building techniques. Their fire up methods is similar to today’s campfire building techniques. Recent days, you can survive easily without hitting fire like the early days.
However, the campfire is still an amazing part of camping. Campfire is entertaining and romantic. The biggest challenge is many people don’t know how to build a campfire.
Therefore, we write the technique for your easy understanding and quick practice.
How to Build a Campfire – Quick and Effective Fire Building Techniques
Select the fire bed position
Experts always recommend setting the campfire at least 10 feet away from your family tent. You should not hang the campfire on a tree like a Hollywood movie.
Of course, there is a natural protection of wind but keeping the distance is essential to confirm a safeguard.
Always select a flat ground for making the fire bed which protects the rolling of the fire residue towards the down part of the mountain.
Prepare the fire bed
If you go to a restricted or popular camping spot, you will definitely get fire pits. Using the fire pits are safer. If you go into the wild or backcountry, try to use a pre-used fire bed.
However, in most of the cases, you have to prepare your own bed.
You should avoid grass and create the fire bed on the ground. If you can’t find a suitable place, dig out the bushes and grass from the ground. Make a solid platform for fire bed. But don’t forget to know the local regulation.
If you don’t bypass the grass or roots, you will undoubtedly face trouble to light up the campfire.
Create a the fire ring
Fire ring can be satisfactory to fire up easily which last for hours. You should gather dry rocks which are like a raised fist and similar in size. It allows little gaps between the rocks which ensure a gentle air inside the fire.
Avoid the campfire near the boulder stones as the fire leave marks. You should also avoid making the ring with damp rocks. The damp object spits moisture and may crack after getting heat.
Collect the wood
You know the need of dry wood for lighting up the fire. You should not use the green branches. Green branches are difficult to fire up and are not good for the environment.
You should collect the dried and fallen branches to avoid any regulation. Be vigilant in collecting the tinder and kindling. As they burn fast, you may need to collect them more than you predict.
|Tinder||➠ All campers know that the campfire starts from the fire up the tinder. |
➠ Tinder catch up fire quickly. Dried leaves, grass or dried tree bark are similar to tinder.
➠ As an intelligent camper, you can bring tinder like dried torn clothes, firefighters, etc. with you.
|Kindling||➠ It can be a great material to carry the tinder fire as you can’t transfer fire directly from the tinder to the main wood. |
➠ Dried twigs and small branches are good. But if you can’t find the appropriate material, you can chop the wood into small pieces like a pencil by using a knife.
➠ The wet large wood piece takes much time to dry out while the small pieces dry out quickly.
|Firelighter||➠ Learning to fire using wood or stone is great but if you aren’t a survivalist, you should pack a good lighter each time while going to the camping. |
➠ You should keep the lighter or firebox inside the lightweight backpack to make a comfortable campfire experience.
|Fuel Wood||➠ It’s the main fire source in the campfire. Rarely, you will find dried fuelwood while camping in the jungle or backcountry. |
➠ Well set up fire can easily dry the fuelwood and make it easy to burn.
➠ You should pick the good size of the log as fuelwood.
Putting the fire lay, Burn and Retain the Campfire
|Tepee||➠ Put the tinder inside the tepee of small kindling. |
➠ Create an opening space in the tepee for allowing air inside. It is helpful to transfer the flame from the tinder to kindling.
➠ Once the fire starts in the kindling, continue adding twigs.
➠ After a while add some fuelwood. Within a few minutes, the tepee breaks down inside the stone ring.
|Lean to Fire||➠ You’ve to put the kindling on fuelwood to make something like a shed. Put some large kindling on the shed. |
➠ Put the tinder under the shed and burn it completely. You’ll find the fire goes into the kindling.
➠ Add more fuelwood to retain the fire more.
|Log Cabin||➠ If you’ve ever played the Lincoln log, you’re familiar with lean campfire building techniques. It’s a larger version of the game. |
➠ Put a tinder inside the cabin and make blocks using different size of kindling and fuel woods.
➠ Put the fuelwood at the lower part of the tepee and create blocks over it. It makes space at the lower part for bringing the fire and air inside.
➠ Once the fire starts burning the cabin, the structure falls down. You can add more fuelwood to the fire to retain it.
Extinguish the Campfire
Campers are very responsive to the environment. You shouldn’t leave any trace of your old fire bed to the next camper and be respectful to the local regulations.